Prediabetes is an intermediate silent stage between normal and type 2 diabetes. Blood sugar levels in this stage are above normal but not high enough to meet diabetes diagnostic standards. Statistics show that 84% of people who are not aware of their blood glucose are at higher risk to develop type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or stroke.

It is good to know that prediabetes is a reversible stage (preventable). Following a healthy lifestyle can bring high sugar values back to normal and thus prevent or delay the progression to type 2 diabetes and other complications.

Prediabetes Causes

Insulin is a hormone secreted from the pancreas to regulate high blood sugar levels. Think about insulin like a key that opens the cell’s gate for sugar molecules to enter the cell to produce energy. In prediabetes, the cells cannot respond well to the action of insulin (a phenomenon known as insulin resistance). Hence, the blood sugar levels start to rise. Consequently, the pancreas tries to compensate by producing more insulin and eventually becomes exhausted. Insulin production rate decreases and becomes insufficient to meet the body’s needs. The blood sugar levels in this case continue to rise. If high blood sugar levels are not controlled at this stage, the decline in insulin levels continues in its path to type 2 diabetes.

Risk Factors

Signs and Symptoms

Prediabetes and Diabetes Diagnostic Criteria

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