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Symptoms of Diabetes

Causes of Diabetes

TYPE 1: This type is mainly caused by genetic and immunologic factors that CANNOT be prevented. It accounts for 10% only of all diabetes cases.

TYPE 2: The main cause of type 2 diabetes in not fully understood, but there are some risk factors that may lead to it such as overweight and lack of physical activity. Also, aging, family history, smoking, and some medications, such as corticosteroids, may lead to type 2 diabetes. There are specific risk factors in women such as previous history of diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or polycystic ovarian syndrome. This type occurs in 90% of all diabetes cases.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Diagnosing diabetes is commonly made by coincidence because many people cannot feel any of these symptoms. Regular medical checkups are essential for those who are at risk of developing diabetes to prevent any late detection of the condition.

Most common symptoms to look out for include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent thirst
  • Frequent hunger
  • Impaired vision
  • Unexplained weight loss (especially in children)
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Urinary and genital infections
  • Wounds that won’t heal

Specific symptoms in type 1 diabetes:

  • Involuntary urination (bed wetting)
  • Fast shallow breath with fruity odor which is an indication of critical condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis that needs immediate medical attention.

NOTE: Diagnosis is commonly made by coincidence because many people cannot feel any of these symptoms. Regular medical checkups are essential for those who are at risk of developing diabetes to prevent any late detection of the condition.

Download our diabetes booklet in Arabic and English!