In order for a new invention to meet patenting criteria, it should be non-obvious and novel. Inventions are only considered novel if they are distinctively different from comparable objects in one or more parts, in addition to not being previously sold, used or patented by another entity within a year of filing for said patent. This process aids in encouraging prompt disclosure of technological development.
Non-obvious inventions refer to discoveries that are considered unexpectedly developed but useful by experts in the relevant field.
Newly discovered naturally occurring substances and laws of nature are not eligible for patenting, nor are fundamental truths, abstract principles, calculation methods and mathematical formulas. However, formulas that use any of the above are subject to patenting. Unlike formulas, patents cannot be obtained for a suggestion or idea; the inventor would have had to pinpoint the concrete means of implementing their ideas to secure a patent. In addition, patents will not be granted for inventions that are considered unsafe drugs, or are not backed by a legal purpose.
Any inventions being considered for patenting must be shown to be useful, operable, and carry some beneficial use. For example, a composition of matter could include a mix of ingredients or a novel chemical compound. Or an improvement could be considered any addition or change to an accepted process/procedure, machine or composition. Said categories encompass anything produced by humans and their process of manufacture. Computer software, hardware, chemical formulas and procedures, genetically engineered bacteria, plants, animals and viruses, drugs, medical and musical equipment.