Certificate Training Program is a newly revised, intensive educational experience designed to equip pharmacists with the knowledge, skills, and confidence needed to provide effective, evidence-based diabetes care. Five self-study modules provide comprehensive instruction in current diabetes concepts and standards of care. The live seminar incorporates case studies and hands-on skills training focused on the situations most likely to be encountered—as well as the services most needed—in community and ambulatory care practice settings. Participants will gain experience evaluating and adjusting drug therapy regimens for patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, counseling patients about lifestyle interventions, analyzing and interpreting self-monitoring of blood glucose results, and assessing the overall health status of patients to identify needed monitoring and interventions. The workshops were conducted on 31st October and 1st November 2014.
• Provide comprehensive instruction in current standards of care for patients with diabetes.
• Increase pharmacists’ confidence in serving as the drug therapy expert on the diabetes healthcare team.
• Refresh pharmacists’ knowledge of the pathophysiology of diabetes and the acute and long term complications of the disease.
• Familiarize pharmacists with important concepts in nutrition, exercise, and weight control that contribute to optimal diabetes care.
• Offer hands-on training in diabetes-related devices and physical assessment skills relevant to optimal diabetes care.
• Introduce pharmacists to the many varied ways in which they can help to improve health outcomes among patients with diabetes.
The program is conducted in two parts: a web-based self-study and a live training seminar.
At the completion of the self-study program, the participant will be able to:
• Recall and explain important concepts in glucose homeostasis.
• Compare the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment of type 1 diabetes with those of type 2 diabetes.
• Recite laboratory test values and ranges that represent important diagnostic criteria or treatment goals for patients with diabetes.
• Discuss major findings of landmark diabetes trials that influence the current approach to treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
• Differentiate among the many oral and injectable antidiabetic agents available for the treatment of diabetes and categorize agents according to their primary mechanism of action, principal adverse effects, and rational role in therapy.
• Explain currently accepted approaches to managing type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as the appropriate clinical use of available oral and injectable antidiabetic agents.
• Apply concepts and recommendations from current dietary, physical activity, and weight management guidelines to the specific needs of patients with diabetes.
• Discuss basic concepts of carbohydrate counting and meal planning for patients with diabetes.
• Summarize current recommendations for smoking cessation.
• Describe the role and application of A1C testing and self-monitoring of blood glucose in type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
• Specify treatment goals and strategies for controlling cardiovascular risk factors in patients with diabetes.
• Identify screening and treatment recommendations for comprehensive diabetes care, including recommendations addressing nephropathy, retinopathy, foot problems, and Propose specific pharmacist-led interventions and services for improving health outcomes in patients with diabetes.
• Apply elements of motivational interviewing, goal setting, problem solving, and cultural sensitivity to interactions with patients with diabetes.
• Explain how pharmacists can obtain recognized diabetes care credentials or establish a formal diabetes self-management education program.
At the completion of this seminar, the participant will be able to:
• Evaluate the overall health status of patients with diabetes in terms of recommended monitoring and interventions, and formulate strategies for closing gaps in care.
• Propose modifications to a patient’s drug therapy regimen rooted in evidence-based algorithms for diabetes management.
• Recommend dietary interventions to support optimal glycemic control and weight loss (when indicated) in patients with diabetes.
• Analyze and interpret a patient’s self-monitoring of blood glucose results and use the results to identify needed changes in the diabetes management plan.
• Demonstrate proper technique for measuring blood pressure, administering injections, obtaining finger stick samples for blood glucose monitoring, operating blood glucose meters, and performing monofilament foot testing.
• Integrate the varied aspects of comprehensive diabetes care into efficient, sensitive, respectful pharmacist–patient interactions that support optimal patient self-management.
• Describe ways in which pharmacists can keep abreast of new developments and take advantage of professional opportunities in diabetes care.
Successful completion of the self-study involves passing the self-study assessment with a grade of 70% or higher and will result in 15.0 contact hours of continuing pharmacy education credits (1.5 CEUs).
Successful completion of the live seminar involves passing the final exam with a grade of 70% or higher and demonstrating competency in blood pressure testing, self-injection techniques, diabetic foot exam, and blood glucose testing. Successful completion of these components will result in 8 contact hours of continuing pharmacy education credit (0.8 CEUs).
The American Pharmacists Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.
The Pharmacist & Patient-Centered Diabetes Care was developed by the American Pharmacists Association and is co-sponsored by the American Association of Diabetes Educators.